|Birds of Thattekkad
11. Darter (Anhinga melanogaster)
The other names of Darter are Oriental Darter and Snake Bird.They are large birds with long slender necks, from which it gets its name Snake Bird,It has a large body and long tail.They often swims with only their neck above the water.Adults have dark grey body with a white stripe on the sides of the neck.They have beautifully patterned white streaks on the wing-coverts and lance shaped white streaks in the scapular region.Juveniles have pale yellow brownish underside. Local name is Cherakkozhi.
12. Great Pied Hornbill (Buceros bicornis)
Its also known as the Great Indian Hornbill or Giant Hornbill, the largest of the four hornbills found in Kerala .Its the State bird of Kerala.Its local name is Malamuzhakki Vezhambal.In In South East Asia,they are seen only in the Western Ghats and the foothills of Himalayas.The prominent feature of the bird is its large casque on top of the beak.Their diet mainly comprises fruits though the they occasionally eat snakes,small lizards and even small birds.
13. Malabar Pied Hornbill (Anthracoceros coronatus)
Malabar pied hornbills prefer open woodlands and cultivation.Its local name is Pandan Vezhambal.Its body has mainly black plumage with a white belly and a white patch on the throat. The bill is yellow in colour with a large black casque. They are omnivorous birds but their main diet constitutes fig.
14. Indian Grey Hornbill (Ocyceros birostris)
It is also called, Common Grey Hornbill is found throughout the Indian sub continent.Its local name is Nattu Vezhambal .They prefer open woodlands and are well adapted to live in urban areas.They are grayish brown birds with a black and white tip at the tail end.Their casque is short and pointed.They live in pairs or small groups.
15. Little Cormorant (Phalacrocorax niger)
Little Cormorants are small members of the Phalacrocoracidae family . They are usually found near lakes and rivers. During breeding season adults become glossy black with scattered white plumes in the fore head and sides of the head. Non breedind adults and juveniles are Brownish black with a white patch on the chin and lacks the white plumage. Fish constitutes their main diet and they can dive to considerable depths in search for fish.Its local name is Cheriya neerkakka or Kakka thaaravu.
16. Indian Cormorant (Phalacrocorax fuscicollis)
Indian Cormorants are also called Indian Shag. They are slightly larger than the Little Cormorant and can be easily distinguished by its thin neck and long narrow beak. Breeding adults have black body with white tuft near the eyes and white plumes on the neck . Non breeding birds are brownish black with whitish throat. Local name is Kinnari Neerkakka.
17. Great Cormorant (Phalacrocorax carbo)
Great Cormorant are the largest member of the Phalacrocoracidae family in India. During breeding season adults become glossy black with white facial skin. White plumes on the crown and side of the head and white chin are other features. A white patch is seen on the thighs. Non breeding males are brownish black. White plumes and thigh patches are absent. They are seen in large lakes and rivers. Its local name is Valiya Neerkakka.
18. Red Spurfowl (Galloperdix spadicea)
Red Spurfowl is a member of the Phasianidae family which is found in the shrubs,and the dry and deciduous forests of Kerala.Its vernacular names are Mullan kozhi or Thavittuthalayan Kattukozhi. They prefer areas with thick undergrowth, which makes its sighting difficult. The upper parts of its body is brown and have a rufous underside with black markings. The breeding season is between January and June, usually before the rains.
19. Grey Junglefowl (Gallus sonneratii)
Grey Junglefowl is the wild relative of domestic fowls found in India. Its local name is Kattu Kozhi. The males have black cape with golden yellow spots on it. Its body is grey in colour with fine patterns and has red wattles. Females are duller in colour with black and white streakings on underside. They breed from February to May.Its diet includes bamboo grains, small insects and termites.
20. Malabar Trogon
Malabar Trogon is a small beautifully colored bird of the Trogonidae family. The adult males have Black head,neck and breast. The under part of this bird is crimson red separated from the sooty black of the breast by a white collar. Wing coverts are black brilliantly barred with white. The back and tail is yellowish brown. Tails have a terminal black band. Females are less gregarious with cinnamon colored head and orange brown under parts. They mainly feed on caterpillars, cicadas and other insects. Its call is a musical cue-cue –cue. Its local name is Thee kakka , literally meaning “fire crow”.
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