|Birds of Thattekkad
61. Eurasian Eagle Owl (Bubo bubo)
The Eurasian Eagle Owl is also called Great Horned Owl. They are large owls with upright ear tufts and orange eyes.Their upper parts are dark brown with heavy dark streakings on the nape and sides of the neck.The under parts are yellowish brown with dark streakings along with fine brown bars. Their call is a loud wu-hoo. They are commonly seen in hilly forested countries. Local name is Komban Moonga.
62. Spot Bellied Eagle Owl (Bubo nipalensis)
Spot Bellied Eagle Owl otherwise called Forest Eagle Owl, Spot bellied Eagle Owls are very large owls with prominent ear tufts and dark brown eyes.Their upper parts are dark brown with buff bars.They are well distinguished from other species by their heart shaped spots on the under parts. Their call resembles that of a female human scream. They prefer thick evergreen forests and their main diet includes small mammals, reptiles and fish. Local name is Kattu Moonga.
63. Brown Fish Owl (Ketupa zeylonensis)
Brown Fish Owl is a large bird with prominent ear tufts and bright yellow irides.The under part are dull buff with dark streaks along with fine brown bars. Upper part is dark brown with heavy streakings. Throat is whitish. They usually never stray away from water bodies as their main diet includes fish and crabs. Their call is a loud Hu- hu- hu…hu- ha and a soft Hup-hup. Its local name is Meen Kooman.
64. Mottled Wood Owl (Strix ocellata)
Mottled Wood Owl are medium sized birds with a distinctive white facial disc with black concentric bars. They lack ear tufts.The upper body is dark brown with white, rufous and dark brown blotches.The under parts are buff with fine dark bars. They can be easily identified with their distinctive calls which include a quavering Huhuhuaa and soft hoot. According to local belief their call is a bad omen and are locally called Kalan kozhi, which means ‘Bird of Death’.
65. Brown Hawk Owl (Ninox scutulata)
Brown Hawk Owl are very hawk-like in appearance due to their long tail and lack of facial disc which is common among other owls. Head and upper parts are very dark. Underparts are whitish with heavy rufous brown vertical streakings. Often seen in wooded regions not far from human habitation. Their call is a soft oo…uk oo…uk. They feed on small mice and lizards. Local name is Pullu Nathu .
66. Short Eared Owl (Asio flammios)
Short Eared Owl as its name suggests these birds have small ear tufts which is normally not visible.The upper body is pale buff with dark brown streaks. Dark patches are seen at the carpal joints.The under parts are pale buff with moderately streaked breast. Dark brownish black bands are seen on the upper wing coverts and tail.They are usually found on scrubby grasslands.Its local name is Poocha Moonga.
67. Barn Owl (Tyto alba)
Barn Owls are widely spread in the world, found almost everywhere except Polar Regions. They have white face with dark eyes.The under part is whitish whereas upper parts are light yellowish brown and grey. Like other owls they are nocturnal creatures feeding mainly on rats and other small rodents. They usually make nests in old buildings and they are often seen in cities. They make a variety of eerie screeching and hisses. Hunt for illegal trading make this owl rare now. Local name is Velli Moonga.
68. Grass Owl (Tyto capensis)
Grass Owl are also called Eastern Grass Owl. Its similar to that of Barn owl with its white face. But its upper parts are darker and have heavy dark brown markings. Base of the primaries are golden brown whereas the ends are Black. Tails have dark barrings. Their call includes a loud hissing screech. Unlike Barn Owls they are more forest creatures.
69. Oriental Bay Owl (Phodilus badius)
Oriental Bay owl is a member of the Tytonidae family. The most prominent feature of this owl is its ‘v’ shaped facial disc. Under parts have pale wine red undertone with black spots. Upper parts are brownish red with black spots and bars. They prefer dense evergreen forests and are very difficult to sight.The local name is Ripley Moonga.
70. Honey Buzzard (Pernis plitorhyncus)
Other names are Oriental Honey Buzzard and Crested Honey Buzzard. They are medium sized Brown birds with long neck and small head making it taxonomically similar to the Kites. It has a long tail and small head crest. The sexes can be distinguished with males having a Bluish grey head where as females have brown head. As its name suggests its main diet includes honey and honey bees and also feeds upon cicadas. Its local name is Thenkothichi Parunth .
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