|Birds of Thattekkad
31. Pale Billed Flowerpecker (Dicaeum erythrorhynchos)
They are also called Tickell’s Flower pecker. Its a tiny Olive-brown bird with grayish white under parts and light pink colored bill. They are found throughout India.Its main food comprises of the berries of the plant parasites Dendrophthoe and Viscum. Its local name is Chengokkan Ittikkanni Kuruvi.(ittikkanni =Dendrophthoe).
32. Osprey (Pandion haliaetus)
They are also called sea Hawks. Osprey is a large raptor found all over the world except Antartica. In kerala they are a non-breeding migratory birds spend the entire winter and summer seasons here and then go back to the Eurasian highlands for breeding. Its usually found near water bodies provide them with adequate food supply. Though their main diet constitutes of fish they occasionally prey upon rats, frogs and other small birds. They have evolved specialized physical characteristics that assist them in hunting and catching prey and hence included in a separate family Pandionidae . Its local name is Thaali parunth.
33. Black Crested Baza (Aviceda leuphotes)
The are also known as Black crested baza. Black Baza’s are small distinctively colored birds of prey. It has a small body with short stout legs and feet with strong talons. The prominent feature of this bird is its crest. They mainly feed on insects but have been reportedly prey upon small birds as well .
34. Black Winged Kite (Elanus caeruleus)
Black winged kites are small beautiful birds of the Accipitridae family. They are predominantly grey or white bird with black patches on the wings and red irides.The other main feature is the forward looking eyes. Its large wings extends beyond the tail when it is perched. They are usually seen on plains and open forests feeding upon crickets, small lizards and rodents. Its vernacular name is Velli eriyan
35. Black Kite (Milvus migrans)
Black kites are one of the common member of the Accipitridae family found in Kerala. Its also called Pariah Kite. In India they are well adapted to live in urban areas. They are medium sized birds with a dark brown body becoming pale towards neck and chin. The lower parts of the body are pale brown . They are opportunistic hunters mainly feeding on small lizards, birds and rodents. They can quickly swoop down with their legs lowered and snatch the small live prey. They are fearless birds and are known to snatch food from humans. Its local name is Chakki Parunth.
36. Brahminy Kite (Haliastur Indus)
Like Black Kite, Brahminy kite is a medium sized member among Birds of prey, commonly seen through out India. They can be easily identified by their chest nut colored body except the white head and breast and the black wing tips. Their call is a loud keeyoo…Their main diet includes fish, small lizards etc. They nests in tall trees. According to the Hindu belief they are considered to be the contemporary representation of Garuda, the mount of Lord Mahavishnu, the Supreme God. Its local name is Krishna Parunth.
37. Grey Headed Fish Eagle (Ichthyophaga ichthyaetus)
They are forest birds seen mainly near the rivers and lakes. As their name suggests their main diet includes fish. They are large birds having dark grey head and neck and light brown nape and breast.The tail and belly are white with tail having dark terminal bands. Its loud cry “Aiyyooo aiyyooo” resembles human female cry. Its local name is Meen Parunth.
38. Short Toed Snake Eagle (Circaetus gallicus)
Short Toed Snake Eagles are medium sized bird of prey found in the dry deciduous forests and dry scrub jungles. They have predominant white underside and head with greyish brown upper body and wings. The forward looking eyes resemble that of an owl. Legs are yellow with black talons. It gets its name from its short toe. They mainly prey on snakes and small lizards.
39. Crested Serpent Eagle (Spilornis cheela)
Crested Serpent Eagles are slightly larger than the Brahminy Kite(Haliastur Indus). Its a Dark brown bird with pale brown under side. White spots are visible on the belly. This bird can be easily identified by its short fan shaped crest. Its short tail and round wings gave it a stocky appearance. They are specialized snake hunters but also known for attacking jungle fowls and peacocks. Their local name is Chutti Parunth.
40. Eurasian Marsh Harrier (Circus aeruginosus)
Eurasian Marsh Harrier is also called Western Marsh Harrier. In India they are winter visitors seen commonly during the months of November-December. Their main breeding grounds are regions north of the Himalayas. Males are predominantly reddish brown with yellow streaks becoming pale brown at the underside.A black wing tip is another feature. Females are mostly chocolate brown colour with whitish brown forehead and chin. They prefer marshy areas with abundant water plants and are known to avoid trees completely. Its local name is Kari Thappi.
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